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Mehtar Aman-ul-Mulk and the rise of Chitral — 4 Comments

  1. شریکِ جرم نہ ہوتے تو مخبری کرتے​
    ہمیں خبر ہے لٹیروں کے ہر ٹھکانے کی​

  2. Pre-British occupation rule of Chitral should be differentiated to post- British state of 1895. It was a poor and less populated area but the government was firm and well managed since known history. It had always been ready to confront any big power like Badakhshan, Kashmir or Kabul. Nawabs of Dir made complaints against aggressors to Mehtars like a child to father. Mehtar Sulaiman Shah Khushwaqt is said to have even contacted Syed Ahmad Barelvi to make a joint venture on Ranjit Singh.
    To use such words as Nawab of Dir demanded a tribute and similar other terms in the article not only humiliate the status of Aman ul Mulk the last strong ruler but also the Chitrali princes and commanders lying as martyrs in different areas of Kunar fighting against bands of revolting and trouble making Kafirs in keeping law and order.
    Chitral would remain a strong and big state as it used to be in history but unlike Sumalek and Raees rulers the internal plots and feuds of Katur family within itself and with Khushwaqtian rulers made the vast state weak and divided. First Gilgit was lost then Ghizer and Bashgal with half of Kunar i-e Narsat. Mastuj was about to be annexed to Ghizar by British. Constant seeking of aid from Dir and Bajaur against Khushwaqt brethren in past resulted finally in shrinking of Chitral and becoming a district with KPK.
    By 1895, post- British Mehtars were officially recognised by Indian government who enjoyed title and limited authrity as a government official

  3. The exclusive and natural theory presented here is that the ruling Katurs were local people like all other families of the area. The trend to link people to any specific known origin has no basis. They were attendants of Raees rulers.
    By then the history and events described here are premature just like a child watchesTom and Jerry show.

  4. A few points are worth mentioning here:
    As for Mehtar Aman ul Mulk is concerned certainly he was the last strong sovereign ruler of Chitral but some statements need modification.
    1_ The Khushwaqtian ruler Mehtar Pahlawan was a brave man and Pahlawan in Chitrali means a hero and warrior not a wrestler.
    2_ Mir Mahmud Shah attacked Chitral not to persist subjection but he had deposed his nephew Mir Jahandar Shah who had taken refuge in Chitral and Aman ul Mulk had also given his daughter into marriage to him. Aman ul Mulk who was a brave man sent a Chitral army to attack Badakshan and restore Jahandar Shah on throne. The army advanced on Badakshan but failed as Jahandar Shah was sided by none of his own people. Then Mahmud Shah made a counter attack through Yarkhun.
    3_ Chitralis abstain pity quarrels and respect law and order and have been considered best and firm soldiers. No other race in Pakistan comprises military men in forces as Chitralis according to their population ratio. They are even heard of in foreign armies. In state era there was a strict military discipline followed for military campaigns. Only land owners and Jagirdars were obliged to attend a campaign at arms with all male adults of the family. Poor people and peasants were exempted from the duty. How come mercenaries, Bashgalis or Kohistanis could be called. It is pity for a comment like calling timid as this by a local man. What was Dir then, a small chiefdom with a lot of inner troubles.

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