By Shagufta Sarwar
The first Muslim who deserves to be credited for pointing out that Hindus and Muslim are separate nation, was Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. He was the architect of Muslim destiny in his time for idealizing the concept of separate homeland for Muslim. Since he lived in the age where the British was at the height of its power and Indian Muslims at such critical period of time were even not ready, for a change in perception and outlook towards education particularly and social milieu generally.
The idea of an independent homeland has been discussed by Chaudhry Rehmat Ali in his Pamphlet “Now or Never” of 1933. Allama Iqbal in his presidential address in 1930, had succinctly stated that “he believes that the north western provinces of Punjab, NWFP (now KPK), Sindh and Baluchistan, be amalgamated into one state with self -government.”
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was unenthusiastic about this idea in beginning up to the end of Congress rule in 1939, but the bitter experience of congress rule and the treatment met out with the Muslims, convinced Quaid-i-Azam that once after the departure of the British the only way to protect the millions of Muslims in India was to demand a separate homeland. He clothed this idea in a rational frame, calling Muslims living in India are ‘nation by any definition and canon of International Law’. It was, therefore, Stanley Walport in his book, “Jinnah of Pakistan” OUP (1984) wrote about the statesmanlike erudite of Quaid-i-Azam “Few individuals significantly alter the course of history; fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation. Muhammad Ali Jinnah did all three.”
The Muslim leaders met on 22nd March, 1940 and on March ,23rd a resolution was put forward by Fazlul Haq; the premier of Bengal and seconded by Chaudhry Khaliq-Uz-Zaman with the unanimous support of the Indian Muslim leaders of All India Muslim League. The crux of the landmark resolution reads as “no constitutional plan would be workable in this country and acceptable to the Muslims unless it is designed on the following basic principles, namely that the geographically contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so constituted. With such territorial readjustments are may be necessary, that areas in which the Muslims are in a majority as in the northwestern and eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent units shall be autonomous and sovereign”.
On that grand occasion Quaid also spoke with his explicit words; supporting the resolution and he was welcomed by about more than 10,000 audiences. The Lahore resolution is considered as the major milestone towards independence. This laid the idea of Pakistan on practical terms when the Indian Press by ridiculing the resolution named it as “Pakistan Resolution”.
On 14 august 1947 a state; Pakistan came into being as embodiment of the idea of a great reformer and educationist, dream of a great philosopher-poet and dedicated, unrelenting constitutionalist statesman and charismatic leader of Muslims of India.
Jinnah clearly drew the sketch of the politico- socio- economic and religious sketch of the new born country on 11 August 1947 addressing constituent Assembly. In this historical address Jinnah emphasized on the important topics and the role of political and non-political executive and other agencies of the country for maintaining law and order, life property and religious belief, dealing with iron hands the imminent curse like bribery, black-marketing and corruption. We also tasked the Constituent Assembly to make the constitution of Pakistan as well as laws. He emphasized on the Islamic principles and Democracy, fairplay and welfare of the people of Pakistan without any distinction.
But now these ideals and Jinnah’s Pakistan is still in its nascent stage in terms of the implementation of the guiding principles he had envisioned for Pakistan. On March 23, 2012 when we look upon the democracy, law and order situation, justice and equality it compels us to rethink about the future of the country. This Land ‘land of pure’ has become the epicenter of terrorism, centre of corruption and intolerance, and believed to be the failed and rogue state. Not only the minorities and women are emphatic about the ongoing scenario in the country but also the world community is mindful and the resolution in the US Congress on the Baluchistan and deteriorating situation in the province has compelling repercussion on the national integrity and diversity of the federating units. This is because of the system of governance; ‘by the people, of few people, and for few people’. The tense situation of poverty, unemployment and increasing inflation, short of energy for the industries and domestic use has adversely impacted the nation. A Common man is now not in a position to benefit from basic needs, civil and political and economic liberty. It was, therefore, many years before Faiz Ahmad Faiz had said,
“Ye Dagh Dagh ojala, ye shab gazida sahr.
Woh intizar tha jis ka yeh woh sahr tu Nahi”
Now it is the time to get united nation by following Islamic principles of justice, equality and brotherhood. To be a patriotic Pakistani for inducing hope again in the mind of all and sundry we should give the message of a new dawn on this day of commitment. It is a time to put forward our soft power like diverse culture. A renowned author of the book namely “the Indus civilization” Mortimer Wheeler said: “No part of the world is richer in vestiges of the varied past than Pakistan”.
Natural endowment of God Almighty and rich cultural heritage has given us everything. This is now our responsibility that how best we can utilize all and make our country the prosperous, peaceful and ideal country in the World. We have to decide with commitment to put the envisioned Pakistan of Quaid-i-Azam into practice and I am hopeful you will join with me to slogan from the bottom of the heart.
“Pakistan Paindabad, Quaid-i-Azam Zindabad”
The writer is a student at AKHSS, Kuragh